Difference between HashMap and HashSet in Java

HashSet

  1. HashSet class implements the Set interface
  2. In HashSet, we store objects(elements or values) e.g. If we have a HashSet of string elements then it could depict a set of HashSet elements: {“Hello”, “Hi”, “Bye”, “Run”}
  3. HashSet does not allow duplicate elements that mean you can not store duplicate values in HashSet.
  4. HashSet permits to have a single null value.
  5. HashSet is not synchronized which means they are not suitable for thread-safe operations until unless synchronized explicitly.[similarity]

HashSet example:

import java.util.HashSet;
class HashSetDemo{ 
  public static void main(String[] args) {
     // Create a HashSet
     HashSet<String> hset = new HashSet<String>();
 
     //add elements to HashSet
     hset.add("AA");
     hset.add("BB");
     hset.add("CC");
     hset.add("DD");
 
     // Displaying HashSet elements
     System.out.println("HashSet contains: ");
     for(String temp : hset){
        System.out.println(temp);
     }
  }
}

HashSet contains: 
AA
BB
CC
DD

 

HashMap

  1. HashMap class implements the Map interface
  2. HashMap is used for storing key & value pairs. In short, it maintains the mapping of key & value (The HashMap class is roughly equivalent to Hashtable, except that it is unsynchronized and permits nulls.) This is how you could represent HashMap elements if it has integer key and value of String type: e.g. {1->”Hello”, 2->”Hi”, 3->”Bye”, 4->”Run”}
  3. HashMap does not allow duplicate keys however it allows having duplicate values.
  4. HashMap permits single null key and any number of null values.
  5. HashMap is not synchronized which means they are not suitable for thread-safe operations until unless synchronized explicitly.[similarity]

HashMap example:

import java.util.HashMap;
class HashMapDemo{ 
  public static void main(String[] args) {
     // Create a HashMap
     HashMap<Integer, String> hmap = new HashMap<Integer, String>();
 
     //add elements to HashMap
     hmap.put(1, "AA");
     hmap.put(2, "BB");
     hmap.put(3, "CC");
     hmap.put(4, "DD");
 
     // Displaying HashMap elements
     System.out.println("HashMap contains: "+hmap);
  }
}

HashMap contains: {1=AA, 2=BB, 3=CC, 4=DD}

 

Difference between HashSet and HashMap in Java

HashMap Hash Set
HashMap  is an implementation of Map interface HashSet is an implementation of Set Interface
HashMap Stores data in form of  key-value pair HashSet Store only objects
Put method is used to add element in map Add method is used to add element is Set
In hash map hashcode value is calculated using key object Here member object is used for calculating hashcode value which can be same for two objects so equal () method is used to check for equality if it returns false that means two objects are different.
HashMap is faster than HashSet because unique key is used to access object HashSet is slower than Hashmap

 

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